Nga meka me nga mati mo Matariki
Matariki facts and figures  


Ka kitea a Matariki i te atapo, ina tiro koe ki te raki-ma-marangai i te mutunga o te marama o Haratua. Ka tino kitea i roto i nga wiki e whai ake ana i muri, ka piki haere, nawai a, ka eke ki runga rawa, ka ahu whaka-te-tonga tona pikinga ake i te paerangi i te wa o te ra poto rawa atu o te tau.

Manuau

Matariki becomes visible in the pre-dawn sky looking north-east towards the end of May. It becomes more clearly visible in the following weeks, rising further and further towards the south once the shortest day is past.


Ko Matariki huri noa i te ao

Ko te wa o te eanga ake o Matariki me te whakanuitanga o Matariki e te iwi Maori, no Aotearoa ake. Ahakoa, ka taea te Paki o Matariki te kite i nga wahi maha o te ao.  

  • He nui hoki nga ingoa o Matariki huri noa i te ao, penei i nga Pleiades, nga Tuahine Tokowhitu, Subaru me Messier 45.


  • E tino mohiotia ana puta noa i Te Moana-nui-a-Kiwa, he kahui whetu whai tikanga a Matariki hei tohu tatai arorangi ki nga kaiwhakatere waka, e tika ai te aronga o te ihu o te waka i nga haere nunui. He tohu ano hoki kua pai te huarere mo nga haerenga ki tawhiti i te moana, a, kua hipa atu te wa o te awha.

  • E ai ki etahi iwi ko Puanga te whetu e tohu ai te timatanga o te Tau Hou Maori.

  • Ko te eanga o Matariki tetahi tohu nui mo te ahua o te huringa o nga wahanga o te tau, huri noa i te ao.

  • I mohio ano hoki nga kaiwhakatere Kiriki ki nga whetu o Matariki, ki a ratou ko nga 'whetu tere' enei a, hei te po anake ratou whakatere waka ai.

  • Ko te ingoa o nga whetu nei i Hawai ̀i, ko Makali ̀i. Ka puta mai ana i te marama o Whiringa-a-Nuku, o Whiringa-a-Rangi ranei, ka haere nga ra nunui o Makahiki, e tukua ai nga karakia me nga whakahere ki a Lono, te atua o te ua me te whakato kai.

  • Ki te reo Hapanihi, ko te ingoa o nga whetu nei ko 'Subaru' - kua mohiotia whanuituia taua ingoa e te tini tangata, na tona whakamahinga e te kaihanga motoka. Ko te tikanga o te ingoa nei, o Subaru, ki nga whakaaro o etahi, he 'kotahitanga', he 'huihuinga' ranei.

  • E ai ki nga iwi o etahi atu whenua, tera tona aitua nui whakaharahara i pa i nga ra o nehe, ana i te tupoupou a Matariki i te weherua po i taua ra - ko te waipuke nui o te Kawenata Tawhito, i te toremitanga o Atlantis ranei.

  • I Kirihi, i Mehiko ano hoki, tera nga whare karakia i whakahangaitia te tu ki te whitinga me te toremitanga o Matariki ki te paerangi.


Matariki around the world

The timing of the rising of Matariki and the particular Maori celebration is unique to Aotearoa. However, the Matariki cluster can be seen from many parts of the world.   

  • Matariki is known by several other names around the world, including Pleiades, Seven Sisters, Subaru and Messier 45.


  • Matariki is recognised widely in the Pacific as an important astronomical sign to sailors. Mataraki was both a navigational aid and a sign that the weather was safe for long voyages with the stormy season past.


  • For some iwi Rigel is the star that signifies the beginning of the Maori New Year. 

  • The time of the rising of the Pleiades has always been a major indicator of seasonal changes throughout the ancient world.

  • Early Greek seamen knew Matariki as the 'sailing stars' and would only sail when the stars were visible at night.

  • In Hawai ̀i, the stars are known as the Makali ̀i and their appearance in October/November marked the start of the great Makahiki Festival dedicated to the god of rain and agriculture.

  • The Japanese call Matariki 'Subaru', which has become well known due to its use by the car maker. The meaning of Subaru is generally thought to be 'united' or 'getting together'.

  • Some cultures believed that a great ancient cataclysm occurred when the Pleiades were overhead at midnight - the great biblical flood or the sinking of Atlantis.

  • In both ancient Greece and Mexico, several temples were aligned with the rising and setting of Matariki.



Tena nga kanohi kua tikona e Matariki

Matariki will keep you awake