Ko wai a Matariki?
What is Matariki? 

Ko Matariki – he tikanga whanake

I enei tau tata, kua tino piki te mohio o te nuinga o te taupori o Aotearoa ki te reo Maori me nga tikanga Maori whanui.

Ko tetahi o nga wa nunui o te tau i te maramataka Maori ko te eanga o Matariki - te tau hou ake o te tangata whenua o Aotearoa me te Moananui-a-Kiwa.

Ma roto i te puawaitanga hou o tenei wa nui ki te ao Maori me ona whakahaere tuku iho, ka watea he wahi ki nga tangata katoa o Aotearoa kia whakaaro ake mo to tatou tu hei whenua ahurei i waenganui i nga whenua o te ao. 


Matariki – a growing tradition

In recent years awareness of the Maori language and the wider cultural traditions of Maori has greatly increased among New Zealanders.

One of the most significant celebrations in the Maori calendar is Matariki – the indigenous New Year for Aotearoa and the Pacific.

The renaissance of this ancient Maori celebration and its traditions is a chance for all New Zealanders to remind ourselves of the very special place we occupy in the world.

Ko wai a Matariki?

He kahui whetu pakupaku, he kahui rerehua hoki a Matariki. Hei tona eanga mai ano i te atapo i nga wiki whakamutunga o Haratua, i nga wiki tuatahi ranei o te marama o Pipiri, ka kitea te timatanga o te oranga hou o te tau.

Ahakoa he rereke nga korero a tena iwi, a tena iwi mo te wa whakanui i te tau hou, timata ai te nuinga o nga whakaritenga i te marama hou, i muri iho i te eanga o Matariki i te tahatu o te rangi. I te niunga o nga tau, ka whakanuia i te marama o Pipiri.

I nga wa o mua ka timata a Matariki i te mutunga o te hauhakenga, no reira, kei te ranea rawa atu nga oranga.

E rua nga takenga e whakaarotia ana mo te ingoa o Matariki - ko nga mata ririki tetahi aronga, (ara, he kanohi itiiti) a, ko te mata ariki, (he kanohi ariki), tetahi atu. He ahakoa ra, e whakaarotia ana ko te mahi a nga mata nei he tirotiro ki te whenua me ona tangata.


What is Matariki?

Matariki is a small but distinctive star cluster whose appearance in the north eastern pre-dawn sky in late May, early June marks the start of a new phase of life.

Although there are tribal differences regarding the timing, celebrations most often begin at the next new moon after Matariki has risen. This usually occurs during the month of June.

In ancient times Matariki arrived at the end of the harvest and was therefore a time of plenty for our ancestors.

Matariki can be translated in two ways – Mata Riki (Tiny eyes) and Mata Ariki (Eyes of God). Either way the eyes are thought to watch over the land and its people.

He timatanga hou

I tua atu i te waitohu i te timatanga o te tau hou, ko Matariki te tohu o etahi atu mahi whakatipu mauri. Ko te tau hou hoki te wa e tirotiro ai te tangata ki tona tu i te ao, ki te whakapakari i nga pukenga tawhito, ki te whakamatau pukenga hou otira, ki te kimi whainga hou.

He wa ahua mahi kore tenei, a Matariki. He pai hei akoako, hei rapu matauranga ano hoki. Ki etahi iwi, ko nga whetu o Matariki te whare wananga tuatahi, he whare kura i te rangi.

 

He nui tonu nga mahi ka taea e koe ki te whakanui i te wa o Matariki, ki tau e hiahia ake ai. Ko etahi o aua mahi ka hangai tonu ki runga i nga ahuatanga Maori mo te whakanui, ko etahi atu mau ano pea e whakarite.


New beginnings

As well as marking the start of a new year, Matariki also signals other new beginnings. The New Year is a good time to reflect on your place in the world, to reawaken old skills or try out new ones and to set new goals.

Matariki was a relatively inactive period of the year. This allowed time for study and learning. For some iwi, the stars form the first house of learning - a whare wananga in the sky.

There are many things you could plan to do to mark Matariki in your own special way. Some may be based on traditional Maori ways of celebrating and some could be things you have thought up for yourself.



Matariki kanohi iti

The tiny eyes of Matariki